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Eye Care

Common Eye Health Conditions


Astigmatism

Normally light is refracted to produce a clear image on your retina; if the curvature is not completely round, then refraction can differ in different directions, which can cause a somewhat distorted retinal image. It can ordinarily be corrected with spectacles or specific types of contact lenses.

Cataract

Can be best described as a cloudiness in the lens of the eye which will interfere with the quality of light reaching the retina. Often a person who may have a cataract will experience symptoms such as poor night-time vision, blurred vision or ‘halos’ around lights. Treatment may include spectacles and contact lenses, but occasionally surgery may be needed.

Conjunctivitis

Sometimes referred to as pink or red eye is an infection which is commonly caused by allergic, viral or bacterial reactions. Diffferent treatments are necessary, depending on the cause, but be aware that viral and bacterial forms of conjuncitvitis can be contagious – putting not just both your own eyes at risk, but also others who might become infected from things like towels or hand cloths that you have been in contact with. Allergic reactions can be seasonal in nature, or a result of perfume or particular cosmetics and certain drugs. Eye drops, anitbiotics and ointments can be utilised in treating conjunctivitis, but viral conjunctivitis in particular cannot necessarily be cured, although it’s symptoms can be relieved.

Glaucoma

Is a result of a build-up of pressure in the eye, which in turn can lead to damage of the optic nerve. Consequently, information caried from the optic nerve to the brain is impaired and a loss of vision can result. Glaucoma can occur more readily when there is a family history (a family member(s) who may have or had glaucoma); it is also more common in short-sighted individuals, diabetics and in people over 40 year of age. Symptoms include things like side-vision loss or blurred vison; coloured rings around lights and redness or pain in the eyes. Treatment can be very effective, particularly when diagnosed early with medication or eye drops. However, loss of vision caused before treatment cannot be restored and is yet another reason why a regular eye examination is recommended.

Long-sightedness

When light is focussed at a point behind the retina, due to the shape of the eye itself, correction is necessary to ensure that focussing occurs properly. Without correction, re-focussing in an attempt to see more clearly, can lead to headaches and eye strain, particularly when undertaking close work such as computer use. Spectacles with the correct prescription or contact lenses will normally solve the problem and indeed, it may not be necessary that they be worn all the time, for example in the case of reading glasses.

Short-sightedness:

Not surprisingly in contrast to long-sightedness – light is focussed in front, rather than on the retina and your distance vision will likely be blurred. Ordinarily, you will not experience any problems when undertaking close work like reading or perhaps computer use, but you may (depending on your prescription) require spectacles to be worn all or most of the time.

Dry Eye

Dry eye occurs when your tear flow reduces or evaporates too quickly, causing the very sensitive front surface of your eye to dry out. However, there are many causes of dry eye and we will carefully consider your own symptoms. At BBR Opticians in Oswestry, we will undertake a specialist examination of your tears, recommend the latest treatments to alleviate those symptoms and ensure that you leave knowing exactly how to treat your particular condition with a bespoke care plan. We will then invite you to return for follow-up appointments to fine tune your treatment over a period of up to 3 months. We also offer management of common eyelid problems like Blepharitis and Eyelid cysts (Chalazion or Meibomian Cysts).

The foregoing is by no means an exhaustive list of eye health problems, but is does indicate some of the more common that we experience on a regular basis.

If you are concerned about any of the eye health issues listed above then please contact us today to book your eye examination so we can discuss them further.